¿Cómo se usa el pasado simple del verbo to be?

 

Afirmativo

I was
You were
He was
She was
It was
We were
You were
They were

La forma afirmativa del pasado no se puede contraer.

Ejemplos:

I was sleepyEstaba adormilado
She was wrongEstaba equivocada
We were happyÉramos felices
They were teachersEran profesores

Negativo

Sujeto + was/were + not + …

Forma largaForma corta
I was notI wasn’t
You were notYou weren’t
He was notHe wasn’t
She was notShe wasn’t
It was notIt wasn’t
We were notWe weren’t
You were notYou weren’t
They were notThey weren’t

La forma negativa se puede contraer.

Ejemplos

I wasn’t marriedNo estaba casada
It was not windyNo hacía viento
We were not youngNo éramos jóvenes
You weren’t our lawyersNo érais nuestros abogados

Interrogativo

Was/Were + Sujeto + …?

AfirmativoNegativo
Was I…?Was I not…? 
Were you…?Were you not…?Weren’t you…?
Was he…?Was he not…?Wasn’t he…?
Was she…?Was she not…?Wasn’t she…?
Was it…?Was it not…?Wasn’t it…?
Were we…?Were we not…?Weren’t we…?
Were you…?Were you not…?Weren’t you…?
Were they…?Were they not…?Weren’t they…?

Ejemplos

Was I late?¿Llegaba tarde?
Weren’t you 18 years old?¿No tenías 18 años?
Why wasn’t she here?¿Por qué no estaba aquí?
Were they not afraid?¿No tenían miedo?

Para los demás tiempos verbales ‘to be‘ se comporta como un verbo ordinario.

I have been a good friend (Present Perfect).

I am being very patient (Present continuous).

I will be your wife (Future).

I can be your friend (con un verbo modal).