English for travelers

Comparing things

7q03

1) Add -er to one syllable adjectives: colder, warmer, nearer…

2) Add -r to adjectives ending in -e: larger, stranger, wiser…
 
3) Add -ier to adjectives ending in -y: happier, hairier, fancier…
 
4) For adjectives ending in consonant-vowel-consonant, double the final consonant: bigger, hotter, thinner…
 
5) More + adjective for two syllable and longer adjectives: more entertaining, more valuable, more enjoyable…

Less and not as/not so with comparatives
We use less with longer adjectives (interesting, beautiful, complicated), but we don’t normally use less with short adjectives of one syllable (big, good, high, small). Instead we use not as … as …, or not so … as … Not as is more common than not so:

The second method was less complicated than the first one.

This new laptop is not as fast as my old one. I’m sorry I bought it now. (preferred to is less fast than my old one.)

adjectivecomparativesuperlative example sentence
goodbetterthe bestirregularTara is the best athlete in the school.
well (healthy)betterthe bestHe is still in hospital, but he is better than he was last week.
badworsethe worstirregularYou are the worst driver I have ever known.
farfurtherthe furthestirregularMy house is the furthest one.
fartherthe farthestregularMy house is the farther one.
old (people in a family)elderthe eldestirregularRam is my elder brother.
old (general use)olderthe oldestregularYour teacher is older than my teacher.